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Learning Outcomes, Standards, and Objectives

Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes are the high-level takeaways from a Track (Catalog Course), Module, Intensive, or Intensive Unit. An individual learning outcome should be learner-focused and encapsulate the body of knowledge covered by the Intensive or Intensive Unit.

Example Learning Outcomes for Build Website from Scratch:

  • Intensive Level:
    • Learners can build multiple-page static websites with HTML and CSS.
  • Intensive Unit Level:
    • Learners can debug CSS problems by finding and reading documentation. (BWS Unit 6)

Learning Standards

Learning Standards focus on the goals for understanding, or the what of learning. They are un-opinionated about the how of learning. Learning Standards include objective statements about desired understanding, knowledge, and/or skills. You can tag introduction to new material (INM) and practice content with learning standards.

Example Learning Standards for HTML content:

  • Metadata for an HTML document is included in a <head> tag.
  • Browsers parse HTML tags inside the <body> and render them to a webpage as DOM Elements.

Learning Standards in the Wild

From the K-12 Computer Science Framework Standards:

Algorithms (By the end of Grade 12) Standard: Data structures are used to manage program complexity. Programmers choose data structures based on functionality, storage, and performance tradeoffs. Description: A list is a common type of data structure that is used to facilitate the efficient storage, ordering, and retrieval of values and various other operations on its contents. Tradeoffs are associated with choosing different types of lists. Knowledge of advanced data structures, such as stacks, queues, trees, and hash tables, is not expected. User-defined types and object-oriented programming are optional concepts at this level. Learning Objectives

A Learning Objective is a learner-focused goal of any introduction to new material (on CC: exercises and articles). We generally use "Learners will be able to..." or LWBAT to describe Learning Objectives.

Example Learning Objective:

  • LWBAT add an image to a webpage using the HTML <img> tag.

Objectives typically start with an action verb that describes what the learner will be able to do. Bloom's Taxonomy is a helpful guide when writing effective Learning Objectives.

Learning Objectives help educators guide their introduction to new material. Every activity or sentence should build towards achieving the goal set out in the learning objective.


Relationships between Learning Standards and Learning Objectives

While Learning Objectives are used to shape introduction to new material, Learning Standards inform all phases of the CC pedagogical framework.

Learning Standards are used to track the educational efficacy of our instructional material. By tagging both introduction to new material and assessment, we will be able to evaluate the effectiveness of learning and our teaching. We will want to associate all of the following content types (and hopefully more in the future!!!!).

  • Lesson
  • Project
  • Multiple Choice Quiz Question
  • Off-Platform Project
  • Reviewable Project
  • Video
  • Article
  • Code Challenge (currently in the form of a hacked lesson)